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The first modern Olympic Games was held in Athens(雅典)in 1896and only twelve nations participated. Besides the host nationman participants were tourists who __1__ to be in Greece atthe time. Though the whole affair was __2__ and the standardwas not high, the old principle of amateur sport was kept up.Since then the games had been held every four yearsexcept during the __3__ of the two World War. This was __4__ adeparture from the old Olympic spirit when wars had to stoPandmake way for the games.The games have grown enormously in scale and __5__performances have now reached unprecedented heights.Unfortunately the same cannot be said about their __6__ standard.Instead of Olympia, the modern games are now held in differentcities all over the world. Inevitably politics and commercialismget involvedas countries vie each other for(為 ...... 而互相競爭) the __7__ to hold the games because of the politicalprestige and commercial profit to be __8__ out of them. Inthe 11 th games held in Berlin in 1936, Hitler who had newlycome to __9__ in Germany tried to use the occasion for hisNazi propaganda. For the first time the Olympic flame wasbrought all the way from Olympia to the games site in relays,a marathon journey now often taking months to __10__.

 

A. honour    
B. accomplish    
C. had          
D. moral    
E. arrive

F. occured   
G. end           
H. power        
I. happened  
J. definitely

K. Physical  
L. informal       
M. interruption   
N. especially  
O.  irregular 

1.[選詞填空]____
    • 解題思路:從句中的except可知在兩次世界大戰中沒有比賽,說明的是奧運會因戰爭而中斷。選項中有end和interruption可表示停止,end“終斷”,表示某事中斷后不再繼續,interruption“中斷”,表示某事中斷后仍然繼續,故選擇interruption。
    2.[選詞填空]____
      • 解題思路:此處應填動詞的原形。可選項有accomplish,arrive和end,arrive一般指“到達(某地)”,end強調的是“(使某事)結束”,因此都不能與journey搭配,故排除arrive和end而選accomplish“完成”
      3.[選詞填空]____
        • 解題思路:and引導兩個意思相近的并列結構,由the standard was not high“標準不高”可知,此處要填的是和not high語氣一致的形容詞,再由前兩句可知,參賽的國家很少并且有很多很多游客參加了比賽,這說明這次比賽沒有那么正式,選項中只有informal符合題意。選項irregular則一般表示“(形狀)不規則的,(安排)無規律的”,與句意不符,故排除。
        4.[選詞填空]____
          • 解題思路:此處應填形容詞。由Unfortunately和because of the political prestige and commercial profit可推出,不幸的是各國競爭舉辦奧運的目的是為了政治威望與利益,可見此處說明的是與體育成績相對應的運動會的道德水準沒有得到相應的提高,選項中只有moral符合題意。 
          5.[選詞填空]____
            • 解題思路:此處應填名詞。各國爭奪舉辦奧運會,to hold the games是一種實力象征,也是一種榮耀。選項中有honour和power可選,power一般指“(個人或團體所掌握或獲得的)職權”,故排除power而選honour“榮幸”。 
            6.[選詞填空]____
              • 解題思路:come to power是固定搭配,意為“(開始)掌權,上臺”。
              7.[選詞填空]

              ____

                • 解題思路:空格中要填詞為who引導的定語從句中的謂語動詞,可知此處應填動詞的過去式。可選項有had, occurred和happened,首先空格所在的who引導的定語從句修飾的是tourists“游客”,happened to be in Greece“碰巧在希臘”是符合這樣的語境的,而had to “不得不”和occur to表示“想起,想到”都不能使句意通順。 
                8.[選詞填空]____
                  • 解題思路:本句主系表結構完整,由此可知,此處應填副詞,修飾整個句子。選項中有definitely和especially,從句意來理解,這......違背了古老的奧林匹克精神,將definitely“顯然地”帶入原文,符合原文的意思;而especially“特別地”表示強調,而此處表示的則是通過比較后得出結果,故排除especially。 
                  9.[選詞填空]____
                    • 解題思路:奧林匹克比賽中的兩個最重要的方面就是競技水平和運動精神,由grown enormously in scale可知,現在參加奧林匹克運動會規模漸大,運動員逐漸增多,因此應理解為體育競技水平達到了前所未有的高度,因此應選physical。
                    10.[選詞填空]____
                      • 解題思路:此處應填動詞的被動形式,這里考查的是動詞have的一個搭配用法即have something out of something“從......中得到......”,故這里選這C)had,表示“舉辦奧運會帶來的政治威望和商業利潤。” 
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                      • 參考答案:M,B,L,D,A,H,I,J,K,C
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