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  • 試題題型【閱讀理解 Section C】
試題內容
    In 1993, New York state ordered stores to charge a deposit on beverage(飲料) containers. Within a year, consumers had returned millions of aluminum cans and glass and plastic bottles. Plenty of companies were eager to accept the aluminum and glass as raw materials for new products. But because few could figure out what to do with the plastic, much of it wound up buried in landfills(垃圾填埋場). The problem was not limited to New York. Unfortunately, there were too few uses for second-hand plastic.
   Today, one out of five plastic soda bottles is recycled(回收利用) in the United States. The reason for the change is that now there are dozens of companies across the country buying discarded plastic soda bottles and turning hem into fence posts, paint brushes, etc.
   As the New York experience shows, recycling involves more than simply separating valuable materials from the rest of the rubbish. A discard remains a discard until somebody figures out how to give it a second life—and until economic arrangements exist to give that second life value. Without adequate markets to absorb materials collected for recycling, throwaways actually depress prices for used materials. Shrinking landfill space, and rising costs for buying and burying rubbish are forcing local governments to look more closely at recycling. In many areas, the East Coast especially; recycling is already the least expensive waste-management option. For every ton of waste recycled, a city avoids paying for its disposal, which in parts of New York, amounts to saving people for more than $100 per ton. Recycling also stimulates the local economy by creating jobs and trims the pollution control and energy costs of industry that make recycled products by giving them a more refined raw material.
1.[單選題]The returned plastic bottles in New York used to_____.
  • A.end up somewhere underground
  • B.be turned to raw materials
  • C.have a second-life value
  • D.be separated from other rubbish
  • 解題思路:細節題。第一段第三、四句:許多公司樂于接受鋁和玻璃瓶子用作新產品的原材料,但很少有人知道如何使用塑料,因而大多數塑料最終進了垃圾場掩埋掉,此意只有A項符合。
2.[單選題]It can be concluded from the passage that_____.
  • A.rubbish is a potential remedy for the shortage of raw materials
  • B.local governments in the U.S. can expect big profits from recycling
  • C.recycling is to be recommended both economically and environmentally
  • D.landfills will still be widely used for waste disposal
  • 解題思路:主旨題。全文介紹垃圾處理的困難和最終找出廢物回收利用這一有效辦法,指出回收利用是第一選擇,結尾還列舉了回收利用的幾大優點,文章重在贊賞和推薦廢物的回收處理的經濟實用和環保意義。這與C項正符合,故C為答案。
3.[單選題]Recycling has become the first choice for the disposal of rubbish because_____.
  • A.local governments find it easy to manage
  • B.recycling has great appeal for the jobless
  • C.recycling causes little pollution
  • D.other methods are more expensive
  • 解題思路:細節推斷題。第四段第二句:在許多地方,特別是東部沿海,廢物回收利用已經是成本最低的廢物處理方法了。故D為答案。
4.[單選題]What regulation was issued by New York State concerning beverage containers?
  • A.Beverage companies should be responsible for collecting and reusing discarded plastic soda bottles.
  • B.Throwaways should be collected by the state for recycling.
  • C.A fee should be charged on used containers for recycling.
  • D.Consumers had to pay for beverage containers and could get their money back on returning them.
  • 解題思路:細節題。D項說消費者退還瓶子時還可以重新得到預付的瓶子錢與首段首句意思相符。
5.[單選題]The key problem in dealing with returned plastic beverage containers is_____.
  • A.to sell them at a profitable price
  • B.how to turn them into useful things
  • C.how to reduce their recycling costs
  • D.to lower the prices for used materials
  • 解題思路:細節推斷題。第二段說,直到現有的經濟的廢物處理方法給了它第二次生命的價值,即讓它變成有用的東西,否則它就會一直是垃圾。這與B項意思相同,故B項是答案。
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  • 參考答案:A,C,D,D,B
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