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  • 所屬考試公共英語三級試題庫
  • 試題題型【閱讀理解 Section A】
試題內容

    Machines that walk,speak and feel are no longer science fiction.Kismet is the name of an android(機器人)which scientists have built at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology(MIT). (31)Kismet is different from the traditional robot because it Can show human emotions.Its eyes,ears and lips move to show when it feels happy, sad or bored.Kismet is one of the first of a new generation of androids——robots that look like human beings——which Can imitate human feelings.(32) Cog,another android invented by the MIT, imitates the action of a mother.However, scientists admit that So far Cog has the mental ability of a two—year—old.

  (33)The optimists(樂觀主義者)say that by the year 2020 we will have created humanoids(機器人)with brains similar to those of all adult human being.These robots will be designed to look like people to make them more attractive and easier to sell to the public.What kind of jobs will they do? (34)In the future,robots like Robonaut,a humanoid invented by NASA,will be doing dangerous jobs,like repairing space stations.They will also be doing more and mom of the household work for us In Japan,scientists are designing androids that will entertain us by dancing and playing the piano.

  Some people worry about what the future holds:will robots become monsters(怪物)?Will people themselves become increasingly like robots? Experts predict that more and more people will be wearing micro—computers,connected to the Internet,in the future.People will have micro—chips in various parts of their body,which will connect them to a wide variety of gadgets (小裝置).Perhaps we should not exaggerate(夸大)the importance of technology,but one wonders whether,in years to come,we will still be falling in love,and whether we will still feel pain.Who knows?


1.[單選題]In the future robots will also  
  • A.explore space.  
  • B.entertain people.  
  • C.move much faster.  
  • D.do all of the housework.
  • 解題思路:這道試題的標志詞是表示時間的詞組In the future。我們接著第三題所對應的原文接著往下讀,發現下面一句話中出現了這個表示時間的詞組,因此我們認定正確答案就在這些句子之中。讀完這些句子后我們發現選項B在這些句子的最后一句話中出現了。選項D是不正確選項,一般說來如果選項中出現比較絕對化的單詞,如選項D中的all,以及every、each、the best等等,這個選項一般說來都是錯誤的,這是閱讀理解錯誤選項設置的一個原則。
2.[單選題] In about 15 years’ time from now,robots  
  • A.will become space designers.  
  • B.will look like monsters. 
  • C.will behave like animals. 
  • D.will think like humans.
  • 解題思路:本題的標志詞是表示時間的15 years’ time,在讀文章是要注意文章中時間詞出現的地方。我們接著度第三段,讀完以后,我們在文章中沒有發現15 years’ time。但根據模糊定位的原則,第三題所對應的原文就出現在第二題所對應的原文的下面,我們再仔細讀第三段。在第一句話中,只出現了時間詞2020,題目問的是“從現在起15年以后,機器人會…”,我們一經算計,15年以后,那就是2020年了。所以題目是間接的提問,需要經過我們的計算。那么這道試題所對應的原文就是第三段的前兩句話,讀完后我們發現選項D. will think like humans.和文章中的句子with brains similar to those of all adult human being.是最接近的,選項D是對文章句子的同義改寫,這又是閱讀理解試題選項設置的一個原則。
3.[單選題]What is the writer’s attitude to robots in the future?  
  • A.Critical (批評的) 
  • B.Hostile (敵意的)  
  • C.Objective(客觀的) 
  • D.Enthusiastic (熱情的,熱心的)  
  • 解題思路:這道提問的是作者對于將來計算機的態度。是最后一道試題,根據模糊定位的原則,我們應當根據最后一段來答題,因為文章中就剩下最后一段我們沒有讀。現在讀一下。從作者的敘述來看,并沒有對將來計算機的利弊做出評價,文章是以一個疑問句結尾的:who knows? 從這一點看來,作者的態度是客觀的、中性的。因此選項C是正確答案。
4.[單選題]What makes Cog special?  
  • A.It looks like a mother.
  • B.It behaves like a child.
  • C.It can imitate the behavior of a mother.
  • D.It has a huge brain.
  • 解題思路:本題的標志詞是Cog,接著讀文章,在文中尋找關于Cog的論述。關于Cog的論述出現在31題所對應的原文的后面,只有兩句話,仔細讀完這兩句話后,我們發現選項C和原文是對應的,只是文中的單詞action被替換成了他的同義詞behavior,閱讀理解選項設置的一個特點,即同義詞替換。
5.[單選題]Kismet is different from traditional robots because
  • A.it thinks for itself 
  • B.It is not like science fiction  C. it can look after two—year-old.  D. it seems to have human feelings.
  • C.it can look after two—year-old. 
  • D.it seems to have human feelings.
  • 解題思路:本題的標志詞是Kismet,關鍵詞組是different from traditional robots,我們在文章第二段的第二句話中找到了試題在文章中的位置,細細讀這句話。選項D和這句話的意思是最接近的,因為第二句話中有這樣一句it Can show human emotions,選項中的feelings和文章中的emotions是同義詞替換,這是閱讀理解正確項的一個出題原則。因此是正確答案。
公共英語三級在線題庫
  • 參考答案:B,D,C,C,D
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