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試題內容
The lawyer is a person with a very special knowledge of the law--both the civil and criminal. 
Because of this knowledge the lawyer can help people plan their affairs in accordance with law. In other words,(1)He prepared agreements and contracts by which one person makes sure that another person will carry out his promises. He gives advice to people on domestic and family relationships and business problems. 
(2), although the cases the public usually hears or reads about are those that come to court. The lawyer presents or defends in court claimed violations of rights, or disputes arising out of differences as to what has happened or what is legal and just. The lawyer is not only an advocate of the rights of his client but also a legal practioner sworn to uphold the Constitution and the law. 
Most lawyers today are generally college-trained men who have completed a course in a law school. Each state has its own rules about training and admission. In law school, students learn how to analyze and present problems for decision. They study the constitution, treaties, court decision, as well as prior ruling and precedents.(3) 
In some states, instead of going to a law school, a person may experience a long period of training in a law office(4)This method was more popular many years ago when education facilities were few and the body of law was small. 
After a person has completed formal law-school training, he must take an examination, which is known as the bar examination, to enable the state to check whether he has learn the fundamentals of the law. Besides, the applicant must show he is of good character.(5)The applicant is interviewed, and after his character is approved, he is then licensed to practice law. 

A. Most of a lawyer's work is carried out outside the courtroom. 
B. The reliance on precedents permits us to plan our affairs with certainty because we can be reasonably sure of the results of our acts. 
C. he helps people keep out of troubles as well as helping those who are already in trouble. 
D. The lawyers should work hard to pass the bar examination. 
E. where he learns the various techniques and the basic knowledge that others get in a law school. 
F. A committee appointed by the court checks home training, college training and past behavior. 
G. They take tests to prove their qualifications and willingness to become a lawyer. 
1.[選詞填空]________
    • 解題思路:文章第三段提到“They study the constitution,treaties,court decision.as well as prior ruling and precedents”,即律師要研究以前的案子和其判決結果,因此選項B說明研究先例可以讓人們對自身行為有何種預期,符合邏輯。故選B。
    2.[選詞填空]________
      • 解題思路:文章最后說到“...The applicant is interviewed...”,即申請者的性格與教育背景等都要接受審查,選項F談到一個由法院指定的委員會要審查申請者的家庭教育等情況,與其呼應,所以最合適。
      3.[選詞填空]_______
        • 解題思路:文章第一段提到“...the lawyer can help people plan their affairs in accordance with law”.in other words提示空缺處應該是和前面內容意思對應的句子,只有C項符合題意,故選C。
        4.[選詞填空]_______
          • 解題思路:空格后的句子是“although the cases the public usually hears or reads about are those that come to court”,although是轉折詞,說明其前面的內容應該與后面所講的內容相反,選項A“大多數律師的工作是在法庭外進行的”,與后面的“雖然公眾通常聽到和讀到的案子都是在法庭上審理的”形成轉折關系,故選A。
          5.[選詞填空]________
            • 解題思路:文章第四段前面提到“In some states...a person may substitute a long period of training in a law office”,即以在律師事務所接受訓練來代替去法律學校學習,選項C接著前半部分進一步說明了在律師事務所可以學習到什么,故選E。
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            • 參考答案:B,F,C,A,E
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